A list of the most commonly used terms and abbreviations within the CBD industry
A derivative of arachidonic acid that occurs naturally in the brain and certain foods that acts as a messenger molecule, playing a modulatory role in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility; one of the two known endocannabinoids.
Refers to the effectiveness of a specific route of administration. It measures how fast and what percentage of the product which is absorbed into the bloodstream for use by the body.
A species of plant in the Cannabis genus; refers to both agricultural hemp and marijuana.
Short for cannabidiol; a phytocannabinoid found in the cannabis plant that does not impair and has shown to have benefits on human and animal health.
A class of diverse chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. These cannabinoids interact with the cannabinoid receptors found throughout the body and brain in a system called the endocannabinoid system. They alter neurotransmitter release.
Part of the endocannabinoid system. These receptors are found in two types throughout the body and brain (CB1 and CB2)
CB1 is primarily found in the spine and brain while CB2 receptors are found in the peripheral nervous system.
Short for cannabidiolic-acid; an acidic cannabinoid, the naturally occurring raw form of CBD that is produced directly in the plant.
An isolate of the single CBD molecule which has undergone processing to extract and remove other cannabinoids, terpenoids and other all other matter leaving nothing but crystalline powdered CBD.
Cannabichromene – A phytocannabinoid found in cannabis that has little to no intoxicating effects.
Cannabigerol – Referred to as the “parent cannabinoid” and is the chemical precursor to THC and CBD.
Cannabinol – A phytocannabinoid found in cannabis. It is produced when THC is metabolized but has little to no intoxicating effects.
The process where naturally occurring acid-form cannabinoids (eg: THCa) are heated to remove a carboxyl group (eg: THC). This process is achieved by heating cannabinoids at temperatures of 100 degrees celcius. This form of ‘decarbing’ is used to activate cannabinoids so they may bind to the cannabinoid receptors in the ECS.
Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids which are produced naturally in the body.
The idea that cannabinoid and terpenoid compounds work together synergistically to a higher degree of efficacy than isolate compounds alone.
Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids that occur naturally in the Cannabis plant. ‘Phyto’ as a prefix means derived from plants.
This is achieved by pressurising gas into a super-critical state where it is both liquid and gas and using it to extract oils from plants without the use of solvents.
A large and diverse class of strong smelling organic compounds produced by a variety of insects and plants.